Vanishing Groups & The Lack of New Cavers

April 27, 2011
Looking Down a Climb

Photo by Jarvist Frost

On December 8, 2008, during the XXVII Conference of Speleology, held in Gernika, Spain a topic was brought up by Gorosabel Oier Larrañaga that I’m sure many caving vetrans are familiar with. The lack of new cavers. It is an issue that is affecting nearly all caving groups and is rarely addressed until it is to late.

Minority Activity

Caving will never be an extremely popular activity. Few people are attracted to dark places, and fewer still are willing to go through the difficulties cavers endue in order to access them. This is not necessarily a bad thing, as fragile cave systems do not take kindly to high visitor traffic. In fact, for the conservation of caves, it would probably be ideal if no one would enter them at all. However, that would not happen. Even if all the current cavers retired, someone would eventually come along with a rope and a flashlight.

Caving groups have accumulated huge amounts of information about their regions, and when these groups vanish, that information is lost. Someone coming to explore the area in the future would have to start from scratch. Therefore, it is necessary to create conditions that allow for the natural relay of information to the newer cavers.

Issues New Cavers Face

Caving is invisible to society. Cavers change their clothes and jump into the earth for hours. The public does not have a chance to see them. Gorosabel mentions that although he has had a love for dark places his whole life, it took him 33 years before he discovered his local caving group.

Caving groups are hard to break into. Often it’s a very difficult task to make contact with a group, and even more difficult to participate in their activities. In most cases, an organization is usually made of a tight group, which is reinforced by the fact they spend lots of time together, having very intense experiences that are difficult to relay to people who have not experienced them, even cavers from other groups. “Few things are more boring than listening to several colleagues report their particular ordeal in a cavity unknown to the listener”, writes Gorosabel. Not all potential cavers are stubborn enough, and it is likely that the applicant give up and finds an activity that is better received.

Evolution of a Caving Group

  1. A group of friends decide to start a group. The friends will learn together a develop skills at a similar level.
  2. The years of hope and initiative. This could be considered the golden age of the group. Members are young and strong. In the future, these are the years that will be reminisced about.
  3. It is inevitible that eventually, anger & divisions occur. Individuals may leave and divisions may give rise to other groups.
  4. Mass retirement of the original group. The friends who started the group are generally the same age, and eventually their physical conditions begin to decline. It is no longer desirable to go caving, or the internal environment of the group is no longer a homogeneous group in terms of technical level and age. If the core of the group is made up of vetern cavers during this fourth stage, there is a serious problem. The experienced cavers have no reason to continue the caving, but do want to let their hard work to disappear. If there are younger members, they are left with the responsibility to take the initiative, often with little direction. To make matters worse, during this stage it is usually even more difficult for an outsider to join or participate in activities.
  5. The final stage, dissolution and termination of the group. Although the formal dissolution never will happen, the members do not meet, do not go on trips and the information is abandoned. The hope is that one day a younger group will decide to continue the work, and while that may be the case, they will probably have to start from scratch without access to the information accumulated by the former group.


Generally, attempts to attract new cavers are informal without much organization or continuity, with failure as the common result.

While caving has and will always be a minority activity, there will always be a portion of the population interested in visting the dark places underground. The goal is to remain visible to the public so that those potential cavers know where to go.

Educational trips with larger groups of people or schoolchildren are often used to gain new members. The visitors are taken to systems that are not very challenging, but also not very thrilling. While there is a high demand for this activity, it is often not very successful as it fails to get new members, and takes lots of resources (time, guides, etc).

New members that actually successful in attending a trip are often subjected to a trial by fire. Vetran cavers ensure that the potential caver meets the necessary requirements of tolerance to fatigue, pain, cold, heat, humidity, etc. and incidentally make aware of their manhood and superb physical condition. The unfortunate result is that the potential caver is not likely to return.

ADES has been working to increase their membership. The primary goal is to be able to be found by those very few citizens who are attracted caving. Some of the ideas that have been put in place are as follows.

  1. Create an exhibition to celebrate the 25th anniversary of ADES. 25 panels with text and pictures were exhibited in rotation in villages of the region and the exhibition included a notebook where interested parties were able to sign up for a guided tour of a cave in their area.
  2. A blog was launched to accompany the existing website. This allows members to report activities of the group in a more dynamic way with text and photos.
  3. Send press releases to print and broadcast media to keep them informed of the developments, including both great discoveries routine activities and referring to the blog for more information.
  4. Answer calls from reporters.

Some achievements of these actions

  • People are hear more about what ADES does, they call more when they find caves, and they get to know more about their underground heritage.
  • Around 100 people have come on “exposure” field trips, of these 10% come on occasional activities, while 3% have become full members.
  • The website has allowed members to communicate better, and allows less active members to know whats going on. Likewise, other caving groups know what we are up to, and it encourages collaborations.
  • Repeated appearance in print, radio and television (on average about three times per month).


Collaborations between different caving groups can act as a lifeline for groups in the third or fourth phase as it allows groups that may be too small, to continue to plan trips together and remain active.


It is the unfortunate reality that some groups do not want help, or are beyond help and will eventually go away. The question then is, what happens to all the research and information collected over the years. It is unacceptable that the disappearance of caving group means that the information it has discovered is held hostage or lost. This information should be distributed to other neighbor caving organizations or a public entity responsible for holding such information until another group of cavers come along.

Grupos que se quedan sin gente [Eibarko peoria via Som de l’EGAN]

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